Venue

Campus Center

Major

Health Sciences

Field of Study

Nursing & Public Health

Abstract

Objective: The purpose of this systematic review was to look at existing peer reviewed articles regarding high maternal dietary glycemic index (DGI) and/or sugar consumption (including glucose, fructose, and sucrose) and the risk for birth defects or pregnancy complications.

Methods: PubMed was the primary database used to search for relevant articles. Other related articles were found in the reference sections of the articles screened in the original search.

Results: Nine case-control and cohort studies were used in this review. Five of the six case-control studies found a significant risk between high maternal DGI and/or sugar intake and birth defects, mainly neural tube defects. The three cohort studies found a link between high sugar intake and pregnancy complications, including preeclampsia (2) and pre-term delivery (1).

Conclusion: Women who are pregnant or planning to become pregnant are encouraged to limit their sugar intake to reduce the risk for birth defects and pregnancy complications.

Keywords: Pregnant women, pregnancy, glycemic index, congenital abnormalities

Start Date

20-4-2018 2:45 PM

End Date

20-4-2018 3:45 PM

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Apr 20th, 2:45 PM Apr 20th, 3:45 PM

High Maternal Dietary Glycemic Index and Sugar Consumption and Their Association with Birth Defects and Pregnancy Complications

Campus Center

Objective: The purpose of this systematic review was to look at existing peer reviewed articles regarding high maternal dietary glycemic index (DGI) and/or sugar consumption (including glucose, fructose, and sucrose) and the risk for birth defects or pregnancy complications.

Methods: PubMed was the primary database used to search for relevant articles. Other related articles were found in the reference sections of the articles screened in the original search.

Results: Nine case-control and cohort studies were used in this review. Five of the six case-control studies found a significant risk between high maternal DGI and/or sugar intake and birth defects, mainly neural tube defects. The three cohort studies found a link between high sugar intake and pregnancy complications, including preeclampsia (2) and pre-term delivery (1).

Conclusion: Women who are pregnant or planning to become pregnant are encouraged to limit their sugar intake to reduce the risk for birth defects and pregnancy complications.

Keywords: Pregnant women, pregnancy, glycemic index, congenital abnormalities