The repository is a service of the Carroll College library. Research and scholarly output included here has been selected and deposited by the individual departments and centers on campus.

Founded in 1909, Carroll College in Montana’s capital city of Helena is a teaching centered private Catholic four-year college ranked by U.S.News & World Report as the number one regional college in the West eight years in a row and a top regional college “Best Value School” in the West. Students come to Carroll for its combination of top academic programs, affordable tuition with generous financial aid and the deep sense of faith-based community the campus offers. Top professors are role models for student excellence, with Carroll faculty members distinguished as published authors, Fulbright Scholars, groundbreaking researchers and recipients of National Endowment for the Arts and National Endowment for the Humanities grants and awards.

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This collection includes Carroll College undergraduate student theses from 1917-Present. Use the following links to view theses in Life and Environmental Sciences:

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Theses/Dissertations from 2002

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Microhabitat Selection and Growth Rate: A Comparison Between the Western Toad (Bufo boreas) And the Spotted Frog (Rana luteiventris), Jonathan Warner

Theses/Dissertations from 2001

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Immunoprecipitation Of A NadPH Oxidase System GTPase, Rac2, From The Human Neutrophil And The GTP-Dependent Activity Of Rac2 In A Phosphorylation-Dependent Cell-Free System, Rachel Brennan

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Survey of the Class I VNTR Allele 814 and Insulin Dependent Diabetes Mellitus in Alaskan Native Tribes, Jason Davis

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Comparison of Three Methods for Extracting Genomic DNA From Alcohol-Preserved Samples of Freshwater Sponges, Mark Nance

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Synergy between High Intensity Focused Ultrasound and Polypropylacrylic Acid in the Disruption of Membranes of Red Blood Cells, Joshua Nickerson

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The Effects of Sedimentation on the Reproductive Success of Rainbow Trout, Teddi Olszewski

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Comparative Genomic Hybridization to Detect Unbalanced Chromosomal Rearrangement, Laura Peila

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The Involvement of C-Terminal Amino Acids in the Formation of Prion Protein Dimers, Rebecca Phillip

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Comparison of Sulfate Concentration with Mine Number and Proximity at Telegraph Creek, Lump Gulch and Ten Mile Creek Drainage Basins, Amanda Reeves

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A Cytological Description of the Simulium arcticum Complex (Diptera: Simuliidae) of Central Montana: Sibling Species Status, Ashley Rhodes

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The Effects of Estrogen and Progesterone on the Characteristics of Leukocyte Distribution in Response to Restraint, Ryan Smart

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An Analysis of the Genotoxicity of Mining Effluent in Toad Tadpoles (Bufo boreas), Lindsay Tverdy

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The Correlation Between Mine Proximity and Macroinvertebrate Abundance, Marye Wozniak

Theses/Dissertations from 2000

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A Comprehensive Analysis Of The Proposed Alternatives For Grizzly Bear Reintroduction Into The Bitterroot Ecosystem, Sara Adams

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Ultrasound Transfection A Gene Transfer Assay for Increased Cell Permeability without Impacting Cell Viability, Brianne Anderson

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Kin Recognition in Tadpoles of Rana luteiventris reared in different densities, Douglas Barber

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Impact of Stream Corridors on Breeding Populations of Rana luteiventris, Fredrick Bartoletti

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Salinity Tolerance Of Northern Redbelly Dace, Phoxinus eos, As Assessed By A 96-Hour Acute Toxicity Test, Teresa Buck

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GENERATION OF pFastBacl-HT AND ISOLATION OF ErbB-2, ErbB-3 AND ErbB-4 cDNAs by RT-PCR, Stacy Diekhans

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Seasonal Variation in Morphology of the Freshwater Sponge, Clypeatula cooperensis, Joel Edminster

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The Effects of Estradiol And Progresterone On The Media Collateral Ligament Of Prepubescent Rats, Nicolle Kahl

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Preliminary Study of the Effects of the Arrastra Creek Effluent on Benthic Macroinvertebrates of the Big Blackfoot River, Matthew King

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Modeling the Relationship between Landscape Structure and Amphibian Breeding, John Kingston

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Association of Wetland Area with Breeding Activity for Multiple Amphibian Species, Brooks Laselle

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A Preliminary Study Of The Butterfly Species Found In Southern Lewis And Clark County, Montana, Christopher Lindsay

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Applications of Comparative Genomic Hybridization in a Clinical Cytogenetics Laboratory, Leslie Phillips

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Mutagenesis of the VP16 protein of the Herpes Simplex Virus, Benjamin Spiger

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The Effects of Mining Effluent on Amphibian Survivorship, Christopher Wicher

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Preliminary Characterization of Three Populations of the Freshwater Sponge, Clypeatula cooperensis, using RAPD-PCR, Kathryn Williams

Theses/Dissertations from 1999

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The Effects Of Management Strategies On Warbler Biodiversity: Glacier National Park vs. National Forests, Aaron Alme

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Estrogen Induction of Mammary Cancer in Female ACI Rats, Andrew Benson

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Effects Of External Factors On The Use Of Benthic Macroinverebrates As Biological Indicators Of Water Quality, Jed Chesnut

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Separation of Empetrum nigrum Compounds and Their Anti-microbial Effects on Common Bacterial Species, Amy Evans

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A Comparison of Microbial Hydrocarbon Degraders Based On the Source of the Contaminant in Alaska, Andrew Gilbert

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Morphology and Elemental Composition of Inhaled Particles in Human Lungs as Defined by Analytical Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM) and SEM Energy Dispersive X-ray Microanalysis (SEM/EDX)., Vanessa Greene

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Geographic Variation in Morphology between Two Groups of Rana Luteiventris in Western Montana, Jeff Knight

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Studies of Mosaicism for Chromosomal Aneuploidy in Fetal Loss Using Fluorescence In Situ Hybridization on Several Tissue Types, Aaron Knox

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The Effects of Mining Effluent on Amphibian Breeding Behavior and Survival, Naomi Meis

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Initial Characterization of Freshwater Sponge Species by PCR Using Random and Specific Primers, Richard Redman

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Western Blotting And Amido Black Characterization Of The Glycoprotein Nature Of A Melanoplus differentialis Lectin: GHA, Kirsten Rindal

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Skeletochronological Aging and Age Distribution of a Spotted Frog Population (Rana luteiventris), Sharon Shiraga

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Fetal Loss And The Role Of Genetics: Genetic Testing, Fetal Dysmorphology, And Genetic Counseling In Cases Of Spontaneous Abortion, Jamie Vennes

Theses/Dissertations from 1998

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In Vitro Comparison Of Clarithromycin, Clarithromycin plus 14-Hydroxy Clarithromycin, and Azithromycin Against Haemophilus influenzae, Amy Arnold

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Discrimination Between Two Types Of Freshwater Sponges Using Allozyme Electrophoresis, Tricia Clark

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Molecular Cytogenetic Characterization Of Cell Lines Lacking Expression Of Interferon Regulatory Factor-1 on Chromosome 5, Kyle Dale

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Gastropoda, Hyalitha, Brachipoda and Related Microbes of Cambrian Reefs in South-facing Exposures of Pilgrim Formation in Central Montana, Karen Elliott

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The symbiotic relationship between green algae and freshwater sponges: quantification of archaeocyte-associated algae, Shannon Fife

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Home Range Of The Florida Scrub Lizard (Sceloporus woodi), Thomas Hoffman

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Family with Bannayan-Riley-Ruvalcaba Syndrome: Linkage..., J. Adam Jelinek

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The Relative Activity Of Mouse-Eared (Myotis spp.) And Brown (Eptesicus spp.) Bats (Chiroptera: Verspertilionidae) In Five Habitat Types Around Spring Meadow Lake, Katerine Schletz

Theses/Dissertations from 1997

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Molecular Diagnosis of Fragile X Syndrome and AGG Interspersion Analysis, Scott Hemmer

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Cloning Of The Allene Oxide Systhase Gene From Tomato, Kathleen Hubley

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Acid Phosphatase Content And Acidity Of The Perialgal Vacuole Of Ephydatia muelleri, Camette Miller

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Assignment By R-Banding Of X-Inactivation Status For A Patient With A Sex Chromosome Abnormality, Echo Sanders

Theses/Dissertations from 1996

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In Vitro Pseudotyping Upon Mixed Infection Of Polytropic And Ecotropic Murine Leukemia Viruses: Enhancement Of Polytropic Murine Leukemia Virus Infectivity, Antonette Diaz

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Preliminary Attempts to Purify Genomic and Mitochondrial DNA from a Freshwater Sponge, Derek Gordon

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An Analysis Of Extrachromosomal DNA Isolated From Bartonella henselae, Martin Janout

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Algal Content Of Freshwater Sponges: A Comparison Of The Two Sponge Types From Two Lakes In Western Montana, Jason Karro

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The Use of Dual Energy X-ray Absorptiometry to Study the Effects of Low-Dose Methotrexate on Bone Density, Rubina Khaleel

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Selective Flocculation Of Hydrophobic Minerals Similar To Coal Using The Hydrophobic Bacterium, Mycobacterium phlei, Amy Mouat

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Mitochondrial DNA of the Thatching Ant, Formica obscuripes, Gregory Park

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Uniparental Disomy Studies By PCR Analysis, Joshua Paynich

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Purification, Characterization and Molecular Cloning of a Corresponding PCR Product and cDNA Transcript of a Wound Inducible Tomato Leaf Protein, Justin Scheer

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Isolation of Resident Mammary Macrophages and Their Possible Role in Breast Cancer, Scott Smith

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Daily Activity Patterns Of Western Toads (Bufo boreas) On The Targhee National Forest, Idaho, Stephen Sullivan

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Testing the Severity of the DeltaF508 Genotype in Patients With Cystic Fibrosis, James Szudera

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A Comparative Study of the Binding of Two Lectins in the Early Development of the Freshwater Sponge, Ephydatia mulleri, Jay Taylor

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High Frequency Cell Surface Expression Of A Foreign Gene Product After Murine Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transduction With A Retroviral Vector, Christopher Williams

Theses/Dissertations from 1995

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Pesticide Poisoning Control: The Method Of Michel With An Emphasis On Quality Control, Alissa Abentroth

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Freshwater Sponges (Porifera: Spongillidae) Of Western Montana: Distribution And Ecology, Susan Barton

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Population And Biomass Estimation Of Turtles At Spring Meadow Lake State Park, Helena, Montana, Wynde Cheek

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Cloning cDNA Coding for a Putative Calcitonin Gene- Related Peptide Receptor Submitted, Joel Cummings

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Isolation and Preliminary Characterization of Mitochondrial DNA From the Thatching Ant, Formica obscuripes, Deborah Dover

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Viability Relationships Of Small Mammal Populations At Varying Distances From The Asarco Smelter In East Helena, Montana, Burke Hansen

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Concanavalin A-Binding Glycoconjugates In The Freshwater Sponge, Ephydatia mulleri, Marek Janout

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Genetic Variability In Populations Of Freshwater Sponges Assessed Using Histocompatibility Bioassays, Joel LaVoie

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DNA Hybridization Studies Of Borrelia Using Isolated Plasmid DNA To Probe Southern Blots Of Undigested Whole DNA And PST 1 Digested Whole DNA, Jenifer Maloney

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A Study Of Height And Height-Measuring Techniques, Karen Perez Escobar

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The Microscopic Anatomy of the Freshwater Sponge, Ephydatia muelleri, Joshua Sallin

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Effect Of Primary And Secondary Productivity On Fish Populations Of The Lower Clark Fork River Drainage Sanders County, Montana, Robyn Schumacher

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Study Of Triploidy In Humans With A Particular Emphasis On Recurring Triploidy, Dorota Smokowska

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Sexual elements and major cell types of the freshwater sponge, Spongilla lacustris, Brian Topel

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Ecological Phenomena And Their Effect On The Flora Of Makoshika State Park, Richard Wheeler

Theses/Dissertations from 1994

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Growth Of Freshwater Sponge In Sandwich Cultures, Dawn Abrams

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Migration And Mortality Of Mule Deer (Odocoileus Hemionus) Bucks In The Northwest Slope Of The Bridger Mountains, Montana, Matthew Arneson

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Enzyme-Linked Immunoassay Of Brain Homogenates From Transgenic And Non-Transgenic Mice Containing PrPC, Scott Dull

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Classification And Initial Characterization Of Symbiotic Chlorella Sp. Isolated From The Freshwater Sponge, Ephydatia Muelleri, Michael Erickson

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RT-PCR Analysis of Prn-p mRNA Expression in Normal and Scrapie-Infected B6.1(Prn-pb) . B6(Prn-pa). B6xB6.1(Prn-pa^b) , Tgl5 (Prn-p2a/3b) and Prn-pablated Mice, Bradley Graham

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Isolation Of Mitochondrial DNA From The Giant Stonefly, Pteronarcys Californica, Curtis Horton

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Localization of the Scrapie Incubation Time Gene, Eric Murray

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Genetic Variation Of Freshwater Sponges Assessed By Histocompatibility Bioassays, James Willardson

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Development Of An Assay to Determine The Amount Of Binding Between DNA And The Carcinogen (+)-Anti-Benzo (a) Pyrene Diol Eopxide, Cher Wright

Theses/Dissertations from 1993

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Variation In Mitochondrial DNA As A Means Of Analyzing Invertebrate Populations, James Bugni

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Preliminary Studies of Freshwater Sponges in Montana: Morphology, Cell Dissociation and Culture, and Histocompatibility, Shannon Greer

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Molecular Cloning of pl30 cDNA, Katharine Jurist

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Induced aggregation of culture cells by measles virus and its possible link to viral dissemination, Walter Kemp

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Immunomagnetic Selection of Acrosome-Reacted Bovine Spermatozoa, Thomas McCormick

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Freshwater Sponges In Three Western Montana Lakes, Jennifer Pribyl

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Water Flow And Aquatic Insect Populations In The Missouri River, Duane Thomas

Theses/Dissertations from 1992

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Development Of A Vaccinia Virus Expression System For Structural Proteins Of Aleutian Mink Disease Parvovirus, Bradley Berry