Date of Award

Spring 1976

Document Type



Life & Environmental Sciences

First Advisor

James Manion

Second Advisor

Guido Bugni

Third Advisor

Rev. Joseph Harrington


Fluorides represent the major pollutant emitted by Industry in the state of Montana. Excessive emissions of fluorides have resulted in extensive damage to vegetation, livestock, and wildlife. The evolution of fluorides continue to alter and inhibit growth of various species, both plant and animal. These emissions must be studied and controlled in an attempt to reach an equilibrium between ecology and the progress of Industry. This thesis is a literary review of the properties, sources, and effects of fluorides as they occur naturally in our environment and artificially in industry. I will summarize the sources of excessive amounts of fluorides and their effects on living systems with emphasis on the pollution problem in Montana.

I am concerned in maintaining the natural state of the environment. Air pollution, especially fluorides, violate this homeostasis and become a threat to animal and plant life, human health and comfort, and life itself.