High Maternal Dietary Glycemic Index and Sugar Consumption and Their Association with Birth Defects and Pregnancy Complications

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Thornton, Nicole
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2018-04-20
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High Maternal Dietary Glycemic Index and Sugar Consumption and Their Association with Birth Defects and Pregnancy Complications
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Objective: The purpose of this systematic review was to look at existing peer reviewed articles regarding high maternal dietary glycemic index (DGI) and/or sugar consumption (including glucose, fructose, and sucrose) and the risk for birth defects or pregnancy complications. Methods: PubMed was the primary database used to search for relevant articles. Other related articles were found in the reference sections of the articles screened in the original search. Results: Nine case-control and cohort studies were used in this review. Five of the six case-control studies found a significant risk between high maternal DGI and/or sugar intake and birth defects, mainly neural tube defects. The three cohort studies found a link between high sugar intake and pregnancy complications, including preeclampsia (2) and pre-term delivery (1). Conclusion: Women who are pregnant or planning to become pregnant are encouraged to limit their sugar intake to reduce the risk for birth defects and pregnancy complications. Keywords: Pregnant women, pregnancy, glycemic index, congenital abnormalitiesObjective: The purpose of this systematic review was to look at existing peer reviewed articles regarding high maternal dietary glycemic index (DGI) and/or sugar consumption (including glucose, fructose, and sucrose) and the risk for birth defects or pregnancy complications. Methods: PubMed was the primary database used to search for relevant articles. Other related articles were found in the reference sections of the articles screened in the original search. Results: Nine case-control and cohort studies were used in this review. Five of the six case-control studies found a significant risk between high maternal DGI and/or sugar intake and birth defects, mainly neural tube defects. The three cohort studies found a link between high sugar intake and pregnancy complications, including preeclampsia (2) and pre-term delivery (1). Conclusion: Women who are pregnant or planning to become pregnant are encouraged to limit their sugar intake to reduce the risk for birth defects and pregnancy complications. Keywords: Pregnant women, pregnancy, glycemic index, congenital abnormalitiesObjective: The purpose of this systematic review was to look at existing peer reviewed articles regarding high maternal dietary glycemic index (DGI) and/or sugar consumption (including glucose, fructose, and sucrose) and the risk for birth defects or pregnancy complications. Methods: PubMed was the primary database used to search for relevant articles. Other related articles were found in the reference sections of the articles screened in the original search. Results: Nine case-control and cohort studies were used in this review. Five of the six case-control studies found a significant risk between high maternal DGI and/or sugar intake and birth defects, mainly neural tube defects. The three cohort studies found a link between high sugar intake and pregnancy complications, including preeclampsia (2) and pre-term delivery (1). Conclusion: Women who are pregnant or planning to become pregnant are encouraged to limit their sugar intake to reduce the risk for birth defects and pregnancy complications. Keywords: Pregnant women, pregnancy, glycemic index, congenital abnormalitiesObjective: The purpose of this systematic review was to look at existing peer reviewed articles regarding high maternal dietary glycemic index (DGI) and/or sugar consumption (including glucose, fructose, and sucrose) and the risk for birth defects or pregnancy complications. Methods: PubMed was the primary database used to search for relevant articles. Other related articles were found in the reference sections of the articles screened in the original search. Results: Nine case-control and cohort studies were used in this review. Five of the six case-control studies found a significant risk between high maternal DGI and/or sugar intake and birth defects, mainly neural tube defects. The three cohort studies found a link between high sugar intake and pregnancy complications, including preeclampsia (2) and pre-term delivery (1). Conclusion: Women who are pregnant or planning to become pregnant are encouraged to limit their sugar intake to reduce the risk for birth defects and pregnancy complications. Keywords: Pregnant women, pregnancy, glycemic index, congenital abnormalitiesObjective: The purpose of this systematic review was to look at existing peer reviewed articles regarding high maternal dietary glycemic index (DGI) and/or sugar consumption (including glucose, fructose, and sucrose) and the risk for birth defects or pregnancy complications. Methods: PubMed was the primary database used to search for relevant articles. Other related articles were found in the reference sections of the articles screened in the original search. Results: Nine case-control and cohort studies were used in this review. Five of the six case-control studies found a significant risk between high maternal DGI and/or sugar intake and birth defects, mainly neural tube defects. The three cohort studies found a link between high sugar intake and pregnancy complications, including preeclampsia (2) and pre-term delivery (1). Conclusion: Women who are pregnant or planning to become pregnant are encouraged to limit their sugar intake to reduce the risk for birth defects and pregnancy complications. Keywords: Pregnant women, pregnancy, glycemic index, congenital abnormalitiesObjective: The purpose of this systematic review was to look at existing peer reviewed articles regarding high maternal dietary glycemic index (DGI) and/or sugar consumption (including glucose, fructose, and sucrose) and the risk for birth defects or pregnancy complications. Methods: PubMed was the primary database used to search for relevant articles. Other related articles were found in the reference sections of the articles screened in the original search. Results: Nine case-control and cohort studies were used in this review. Five of the six case-control studies found a significant risk between high maternal DGI and/or sugar intake and birth defects, mainly neural tube defects. The three cohort studies found a link between high sugar intake and pregnancy complications, including preeclampsia (2) and pre-term delivery (1). Conclusion: Women who are pregnant or planning to become pregnant are encouraged to limit their sugar intake to reduce the risk for birth defects and pregnancy complications. Keywords: Pregnant women, pregnancy, glycemic index, congenital abnormalitiesObjective: The purpose of this systematic review was to look at existing peer reviewed articles regarding high maternal dietary glycemic index (DGI) and/or sugar consumption (including glucose, fructose, and sucrose) and the risk for birth defects or pregnancy complications. Methods: PubMed was the primary database used to search for relevant articles. Other related articles were found in the reference sections of the articles screened in the original search. Results: Nine case-control and cohort studies were used in this review. Five of the six case-control studies found a significant risk between high maternal DGI and/or sugar intake and birth defects, mainly neural tube defects. The three cohort studies found a link between high sugar intake and pregnancy complications, including preeclampsia (2) and pre-term delivery (1). Conclusion: Women who are pregnant or planning to become pregnant are encouraged to limit their sugar intake to reduce the risk for birth defects and pregnancy complications. Keywords: Pregnant women, pregnancy, glycemic index, congenital abnormalitiesObjective: The purpose of this systematic review was to look at existing peer reviewed articles regarding high maternal dietary glycemic index (DGI) and/or sugar consumption (including glucose, fructose, and sucrose) and the risk for birth defects or pregnancy complications. Methods: PubMed was the primary database used to search for relevant articles. Other related articles were found in the reference sections of the articles screened in the original search. Results: Nine case-control and cohort studies were used in this review. Five of the six case-control studies found a significant risk between high maternal DGI and/or sugar intake and birth defects, mainly neural tube defects. The three cohort studies found a link between high sugar intake and pregnancy complications, including preeclampsia (2) and pre-term delivery (1). Conclusion: Women who are pregnant or planning to become pregnant are encouraged to limit their sugar intake to reduce the risk for birth defects and pregnancy complications. Keywords: Pregnant women, pregnancy, glycemic index, congenital abnormalitiesObjective: The purpose of this systematic review was to look at existing peer reviewed articles regarding high maternal dietary glycemic index (DGI) and/or sugar consumption (including glucose, fructose, and sucrose) and the risk for birth defects or pregnancy complications. Methods: PubMed was the primary database used to search for relevant articles. Other related articles were found in the reference sections of the articles screened in the original search. Results: Nine case-control and cohort studies were used in this review. Five of the six case-control studies found a significant risk between high maternal DGI and/or sugar intake and birth defects, mainly neural tube defects. The three cohort studies found a link between high sugar intake and pregnancy complications, including preeclampsia (2) and pre-term delivery (1). Conclusion: Women who are pregnant or planning to become pregnant are encouraged to limit their sugar intake to reduce the risk for birth defects and pregnancy complications. Keywords: Pregnant women, pregnancy, glycemic index, congenital abnormalitiesObjective: The purpose of this systematic review was to look at existing peer reviewed articles regarding high maternal dietary glycemic index (DGI) and/or sugar consumption (including glucose, fructose, and sucrose) and the risk for birth defects or pregnancy complications. Methods: PubMed was the primary database used to search for relevant articles. Other related articles were found in the reference sections of the articles screened in the original search. Results: Nine case-control and cohort studies were used in this review. Five of the six case-control studies found a significant risk between high maternal DGI and/or sugar intake and birth defects, mainly neural tube defects. The three cohort studies found a link between high sugar intake and pregnancy complications, including preeclampsia (2) and pre-term delivery (1). Conclusion: Women who are pregnant or planning to become pregnant are encouraged to limit their sugar intake to reduce the risk for birth defects and pregnancy complications. Keywords: Pregnant women, pregnancy, glycemic index, congenital abnormalitiesObjective: The purpose of this systematic review was to look at existing peer reviewed articles regarding high maternal dietary glycemic index (DGI) and/or sugar consumption (including glucose, fructose, and sucrose) and the risk for birth defects or pregnancy complications. Methods: PubMed was the primary database used to search for relevant articles. Other related articles were found in the reference sections of the articles screened in the original search. Results: Nine case-control and cohort studies were used in this review. Five of the six case-control studies found a significant risk between high maternal DGI and/or sugar intake and birth defects, mainly neural tube defects. The three cohort studies found a link between high sugar intake and pregnancy complications, including preeclampsia (2) and pre-term delivery (1). Conclusion: Women who are pregnant or planning to become pregnant are encouraged to limit their sugar intake to reduce the risk for birth defects and pregnancy complications. Keywords: Pregnant women, pregnancy, glycemic index, congenital abnormalitiesObjective: The purpose of this systematic review was to look at existing peer reviewed articles regarding high maternal dietary glycemic index (DGI) and/or sugar consumption (including glucose, fructose, and sucrose) and the risk for birth defects or pregnancy complications. Methods: PubMed was the primary database used to search for relevant articles. Other related articles were found in the reference sections of the articles screened in the original search. Results: Nine case-control and cohort studies were used in this review. Five of the six case-control studies found a significant risk between high maternal DGI and/or sugar intake and birth defects, mainly neural tube defects. The three cohort studies found a link between high sugar intake and pregnancy complications, including preeclampsia (2) and pre-term delivery (1). Conclusion: Women who are pregnant or planning to become pregnant are encouraged to limit their sugar intake to reduce the risk for birth defects and pregnancy complications. Keywords: Pregnant women, pregnancy, glycemic index, congenital abnormalitiesObjective: The purpose of this systematic review was to look at existing peer reviewed articles regarding high maternal dietary glycemic index (DGI) and/or sugar consumption (including glucose, fructose, and sucrose) and the risk for birth defects or pregnancy complications. Methods: PubMed was the primary database used to search for relevant articles. Other related articles were found in the reference sections of the articles screened in the original search. Results: Nine case-control and cohort studies were used in this review. Five of the six case-control studies found a significant risk between high maternal DGI and/or sugar intake and birth defects, mainly neural tube defects. The three cohort studies found a link between high sugar intake and pregnancy complications, including preeclampsia (2) and pre-term delivery (1). Conclusion: Women who are pregnant or planning to become pregnant are encouraged to limit their sugar intake to reduce the risk for birth defects and pregnancy complications. Keywords: Pregnant women, pregnancy, glycemic index, congenital abnormalitiesObjective: The purpose of this systematic review was to look at existing peer reviewed articles regarding high maternal dietary glycemic index (DGI) and/or sugar consumption (including glucose, fructose, and sucrose) and the risk for birth defects or pregnancy complications. Methods: PubMed was the primary database used to search for relevant articles. Other related articles were found in the reference sections of the articles screened in the original search. Results: Nine case-control and cohort studies were used in this review. Five of the six case-control studies found a significant risk between high maternal DGI and/or sugar intake and birth defects, mainly neural tube defects. The three cohort studies found a link between high sugar intake and pregnancy complications, including preeclampsia (2) and pre-term delivery (1). Conclusion: Women who are pregnant or planning to become pregnant are encouraged to limit their sugar intake to reduce the risk for birth defects and pregnancy complications. Keywords: Pregnant women, pregnancy, glycemic index, congenital abnormalitiesObjective: The purpose of this systematic review was to look at existing peer reviewed articles regarding high maternal dietary glycemic index (DGI) and/or sugar consumption (including glucose, fructose, and sucrose) and the risk for birth defects or pregnancy complications. Methods: PubMed was the primary database used to search for relevant articles. Other related articles were found in the reference sections of the articles screened in the original search. Results: Nine case-control and cohort studies were used in this review. Five of the six case-control studies found a significant risk between high maternal DGI and/or sugar intake and birth defects, mainly neural tube defects. The three cohort studies found a link between high sugar intake and pregnancy complications, including preeclampsia (2) and pre-term delivery (1). Conclusion: Women who are pregnant or planning to become pregnant are encouraged to limit their sugar intake to reduce the risk for birth defects and pregnancy complications. Keywords: Pregnant women, pregnancy, glycemic index, congenital abnormalities
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