Blood Flow Restriction Training vs. Non-Occlusive Training in Patients After Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction: A Systematic Review

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Authors
Ekstrom, Addison
Advisor
Schafer, Gerald
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Date of Issue
2024
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Title
Blood Flow Restriction Training vs. Non-Occlusive Training in Patients After Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction: A Systematic Review
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Presentation
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Abstract
Objective: To review relevant literature comparing the effects of blood flow restriction training (BFRT) vs. non-occlusive training in patients following anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction surgery. Methods: Literature was gathered through PubMed and CINAHL and was reviewed for associations between BFR and patient outcomes after ACL reconstruction. Results: The use of BFRT showed favorable results compared to non-occlusive therapy in restoring knee function. BFR increased muscle hypertrophy, reduced knee joint pain and effusion while exhibiting tolerable use with no major side effects. Conclusions: The postoperative use of BFRT showed promising results for ACL reconstruction patients. The individualized prescription of BFRT should be studied further to be considered as a rehabilitation option for patients following ACL reconstruction.
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Health Sciences