The Sacred Circle and the Four Directions In American Indian Healing: A Historical Analysis

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Authors
Tompkins, Lindsay
Advisor
Joni Walton
Cynthia Gustafson
Murphy Fox
Editor
Date of Issue
2005-04-01
Subject Keywords
Publisher
Citation
Series/Report No.
item.page.identifier
Title
The Sacred Circle and the Four Directions In American Indian Healing: A Historical Analysis
Other Titles
Type
thesis
Description
Abstract
American Indian people of North America have a unique and varied history perpetuated through oral tradition and legend. These traditions continue to remain a strong part of the present way of life for these people in spite of 500 years of European colonization, expansion, assimilation and outright genocide. Numerous deleterious effects resulting from European contact currently plague an estimated 2,448,000 registered Indian peoples, consisting of alcohol abuse, diabetes, suicide, despair and poverty. This becomes a heavy burden for all to bear, including the healthcare system. Of the many great challenges facing the healthcare system in North America today, is how to appropriately manage the consequences of this trauma throughout history in a culturally sensitive and compatible fashion. The purpose of this research is to explore the historical application of time-honored American Indian models incorporating the Sacred Circle and the Four Directions in traditional healing ceremonies. The aim is to apply this information to nursing practice through development of a new model and assessment tool incorporating both traditional and modem elements for the purpose of providing culturally competent care to this population.
Sponsors
Degree Awarded
Bachelor's
Semester
Spring
Department
Nursing