Relationship Between Cesarean Birth and Risk for Psychosocial Disorders

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Authors
Hutchison, Alexzandria
Kosiewicz, Katarina
Vermulm, Caitlyn
Advisor
Blakeman, Nina
Editor
Date of Issue
2024
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Title
Relationship Between Cesarean Birth and Risk for Psychosocial Disorders
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Presentation
Description
Abstract
Babies are delivered every day by either cesarean or vaginal birth. Concerning the modes of delivery, studies have shown an increased risk of neurodivergent conditions worldwide. These studies show that children born via cesarean section are more likely to have autism spectrum disorder, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, or other learning disabilities, compared to vaginal birth Healthcare providers can screen children born via cesarean delivery earlier for these disorders to provide earlier interventions and resources to the child and family. Early intervention for babies born via cesarean delivery will aid in limiting the impact of these conditions and allow children and their families to adapt to psychosocial barriers. Pediatric patients with conditions such as autism and ADHD have difficulties in social experiences as well as comprehension and learning in the classroom. Promoting awareness of the increased risk and screening of children who were born via cesarean delivery can allow for earlier diagnosis. Autism can present in multiple ways, such as language, motor, and social delays. Children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) struggle with regulating concentration and restlessness. All learning disabilities can impact the child’s ability to adapt to the outside world and “keep up” with their peers socially and academically. Recognizing that children who were born via cesarean section are at increased risk for these conditions can help families mitigate these challenges. The purpose of this review is to identify and promote awareness to healthcare professionals about the increased risks for psychosocial disorders with children who are born via cesarean birth.
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Department
Nursing