Mental Health Disparities Between Men and Women Due to Sociological Factors and Determinants

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Authors
Brewer, Brooke
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Meyer, Eric
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Date of Issue
2021-04-13
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Title
Mental Health Disparities Between Men and Women Due to Sociological Factors and Determinants
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There are differences in the health and wellness among men and women that are well-documented. The disparities that affect men and women are not simply based on their biological make up but were developed through gendered experiences over the course of their life and can be influenced by factors like access to resources or preventative care, and societal norms.1 These studies look at the gender disparity in depressive disorders and mental illnesses in relation to social inequalities between men and women and the living standards across diverse geographical regions, societies, populations and social contexts.2 Genetic variation plays a role with both men and women, but gender expectations is a large contributing factor to gender disparities in mental health. Males are more likely to experience higher rates of suicide 3 while females are more likely to suffer from depressive illnesses.4 Stereotypical social roles relating to gender may impact mental health responses differently in men and women. Research indicates that a combination of stress, environmental and neurobiological factors can significantly alter the mental health of a man or woman and how they interact with certain stimuli.2 This research will focus on the differences in mental health disparities relating to social factors and gender inequalities among men and women.
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