Music Therapy and Pain Relief in the Stages of Labor

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Authors
Kohler, Sophia
Hert, Mikayla
Bourekis, Maria
Advisor
Hogue, Meagan
Editor
Date of Issue
2023-04-28
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Citation
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Title
Music Therapy and Pain Relief in the Stages of Labor
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Type
Presentation
Description
Abstract
The intrapartum period is said to be one of the most painful experiences a woman may have and is highly individualized. Pain control is a major concern for the healthcare team, and there are several studies for pain management including nonpharmacological methods such as music therapy. According to Buglione et al. (2020), the use of epidural anesthesia is more effective in reducing pain during labor but increases the risk of an operative vaginal delivery or cesarean section. Therefore, an approach such as music therapy for pain relief is a goal for nurses (Buglione et al., 2020). The music therapy discussed within these studies included listening to an array of musical audio during the birthing process. The intrapartum period as it relates to this systematic review is defined as “occurring or provided during the act of birth” (Merriam-Webster, n.d., para. 1). The purpose of this Evidence-Based Practice project is to examine the relationship between music therapy and pain during the intrapartum period. Several studies have shown that music therapy is effective in reducing painful stimuli and anxiety levels, both psychologically and physiologically. According to McCaffery et al. (2020), fifteen studies reported evidential results that support the hypothesis that music reduces pain during and after labor (McCaffery et al., 2020). By implementing this simple, non-pharmacological intervention, healthcare providers can use this information to reduce pain ratings during the stages of labor.
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Degree Awarded
Semester
Spring
Department
Nursing