Basic Concepts In The Simplex Method Of Linear Programming
Programming problems are concerned with the efficient use or allocation of limited resources to meet desired objectives. These problems are characterized by a large number of solutions that satisfy the basic conditions of each problem. However, the over-all objective of the problem requires the selection of a particular solution and this solution which satisfies both the conditions of the problem and the given objective is the optimal solution. In this paper only a very special subclass of programming problems, referred to as linear programming problems, will be considered. The general linear programming problem can be described as follows: Given a set of m linear inequalities in n variables, we wish to find non-negative values of these variables which will satisfy the constraints or conditions and minimize ( maximize ) some linear function of the variables.