Behavioral Effects of Diabetes Self-Management Education on Adults with Type 2 Diabetes
There is an estimated 37.3 million Americans living with diabetes (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2022). Most adults living with diabetes manage their day-to-day care and rely on the healthcare system for support and guidance. Diabetes Self-Management Education (DSME) can be an effective tool for educating adults with type 2 diabetes to improve self-care behaviors and improve outcomes. Unfortunately, it is estimated that less than 7% of newly diagnosed adults with type 2 diabetes receive DSME (Funnell & Piatt, 2017). Without quality management of diabetes, patients are at increased risk of cardiovascular diseases, kidney and renal diseases, and vision loss (Center for Disease Control and Prevention, 2021). This has a significant impact on healthcare costs. On average, people with diabetes have medical costs that are 2.3 times higher than those without diabetes (American Diabetes Association, 2022). Nurses and healthcare professionals can implement DSME programs to improve the outcomes of patients with type 2 diabetes, improve quality of life among patients and their families, and reduce healthcare cost within the community. The purpose of this research is to evaluate the effectiveness of Diabetic Self-Management Education on improving diabetes related self-care behaviors.