Does education work? Examining the impact of SIDS risk reduction education in the African American population
SIDS, also known as sudden infant death syndrome, is often used interchangeably with SUID. The CDC defines SUID as “Sudden unexpected infant death (SUID) [and] is a term used to describe the sudden and unexpected death of a baby less than 1 year old in which the cause was not obvious before investigation” (2020). Sudden Infant death syndrome (SIDS) is a serious public health problem in the U.S. According to the CDC, “Each year, there are about 3,500 SUID cases in the U.S. (2020). Although SIDS rates have decreased since the 1990’s, SIDS rates have since plateaued and significant ethnic and racial differences continue to occur. According to the most recent update from the U.S. Department of Human Services Office of Minority Health (2017), African Americans have had over two times the sudden infant death syndrome mortality rate as non-Hispanic whites. The purpose of this evidence-based practice review is to compare whether educational interventions aimed specifically at minority populations such as African Americans yields improvements on known SIDS risk behaviors. Nurses or other healthcare providers can use this information to improve educational standards in order to provide culturally competent care to patients of all races and ethnicities.