Carroll College Student Undergraduate Research Festival 2023 (Abstract Only)

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    Effects of Dietary Interventions on Treatment for Patients with Anxiety and Depression, A Systematic Review
    (2023-04-28) Erickson, Rylyn; Schafer, Gerald
    Objective: To review literature regarding the effects of implementing dietary and nutritional intervention in treatments for depression or anxiety patients. Methods: PubMed and CINAHL literature sources were reviewed regarding the effectiveness of dietary or nutritional interventions on anxiety or depression. Results: Most of the sources found a relationship between increased depression or anxiety and poor diets and supported the finding that dietary implementations such as low calorie diets, higher fruit and vegetable intakes, and visits with dietary specialists to improve nutrition intakes, have positive effects on patients with anxiety and depression. Conclusion: Dietary and nutritional interventions have shown positive outcomes in treatments for anxiety or depression. Interventions researched in the review support the findings that dietary interventions benefit patients with anxiety and depression. Further research on specifically what dietary interventions work best for anxiety and depression is necessary.
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    The Impact of Psychosocial Intervention for Depression following Lower Extremity Injuries: A Systematic Review
    (2023-04-28) Greene, Sarah
    Objective. To review the current literature regarding the impact of psychosocial interventions for mental health issues in collegiate athletes. Methods. Literature was gathered through PubMed and Google Scholar to identify articles about the impact of psychosocial interventions on the overall well-being of collegiate athletes. The interventions included were mindfulness-based interventions and cognitive behavioral therapy. Results. All articles in this review support using mindfulness-based interventions and cognitive behavioral therapy as treatments for mental health issues in athletes. In addition to improved mental health among the athletic population, other aspects of the athlete were improved, including pain tolerance, mental toughness, and ability to cope with adversities. Conclusion. Psychosocial interventions like mindfulness-based interventions and cognitive behavioral therapies provide many benefits that support the overall well-being of collegiate athletes.
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    Comparing Surgical and Pharmaceutical Techniques for Treating Uncomplicated Appendicitis
    (2023-04-28) Normandeau, James; Schafer, Gerald
    Objective: To review current literature and determine whether nonoperative management of acute appendicitis provides accelerated recovery when compared to surgical appendectomy after one year in pediatric patients. Methods: Literature was collected from PubMed. Articles were assessed to determine the success rate, quality of life, hospital recovery time, or return to normal activity for the patient and/or caregiver, following nonoperative management or surgical appendectomy in pediatric patients. Results: The articles for the most part supported the conclusion that nonoperative management of appendicitis is a safe alternative to appendectomy. Relapse rates typically were around 70% for nonoperative patients. For patients who did not relapse following initial nonoperative treatment, hospital and recovery times were often shorter than patients in the surgical groups. However, when the patients who failed nonoperative management were considered, the data did not show significantly faster recovery time than the surgical groups. Conclusion: Research suggests that nonoperative management of acute appendicitis does not lead to accelerated patient recovery when compared to surgical management of appendicitis in pediatric patients MeSH Keywords: Appendectomy; nonoperative; conservative; pediatric; appendicitis
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    In Middle Aged Women with HPV and Risk of Cervical Cancer, How Does HPV DNA Testing Compare to Cervical Cytology in Detecting Cervical Cancer.
    (2023-04-28) Arroyo, Aura; Parsley, Kelly
    Objective: To review current literature regarding the performance of HPV and cytology tests for cervical cancer. Methods: Literature was gathered through PubMed, CINAHL, and Google Scholar and assessed for the effectiveness of HPV and cytology tests detecting cervical cancer. Results: Most of the literature displayed support for HPV testing since it has favorable results for women being screened for cervical cancer. Cervical cytology was stronger in detecting specificity which has led to using both tests together. When different methods were directly compared, the studies favored HPV testing as the preferred method for improving the detection of cervical cancer in women with HPV, but the optimal solution was it being adjunct with cytology. Conclusion: The interventions mentioned in this review should be researched further to find that gold standard diagnosis in middle aged women. HPV screening and cytology screening together have shown promising results for women who are doing routine screenings to detect cervical cancer.
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    Under Pressure: A Systematic Review of Weighted Blankets for Treatment of Anxiety and Insomnia
    (2023-04-28) Holmes, Macie; Schafer, Gerald
    Objective: The purpose of this study was to investigate the efficacy of weighted blankets in providing relief to anxiety and insomnia caused by a variety of health disparities and diagnoses. Methods: Using Pubmed and CINAHL, articles were selected reporting on research on the use of weighted blankets for different diagnoses. Health conditions included autism spectrum disorder, attention hyper deficit disorder, chronic pain, eating disorders, old age, and chemotherapy. Results: Most articles demonstrated a decrease in anxiety and reduced sleeping medications with the use of weighted blankets. The only side effects noted by patients was minor discomfort. Depending upon the prescription process for obtaining weighted blankets, they were a cost effective intervention that was safe for adults and children under supervision. Discussion: Weighted blankets are an effective intervention in decreasing anxiety and insomnia associated with multiple health conditions, at a relatively low cost.