Date of Award

Spring 1974

Document Type



Business, Accounting & Economics

First Advisor

Ernest Bacon

Second Advisor

John Semmens

Third Advisor

Charles Mandeville


A Subchapter S corporation is but one of many forms of business available to a businessman. Each form of business has its own characteristics, advantages, and disadvantages. The Subchapter S form of business is the form which has most recently been developed; it has evolved from the corporate form of business and has been existence only since 1958. Basically, a Subchapter S corporation is a qualified small business corporation which elects to have income taxed directly to its shareholders, as like income is taxed to partners in a partnership, thereby eliminating tax at the corporate level. A Subchapter S corporation is a regular corporation in all respects except in the tax treatment afforded it by the IRS. Naturally there are advantages to a Subchapter S election made by a small business corporation, but there are also disadvantages. If it is determined by the owners of a small corporation that a Subchapter S election would be beneficial, there are legal qualifications that must be met and election procedures prescribed by the Internal Revenue Service which must be followed. Five areas, then, will be discussed. They are (1) general forms of business available, (2) history of the Subchapter S corporation, (3) characteristics and qualifications of a Subchapter S corporation, (4) advantages and disadvantages of a Subchapter S election, and (5) Subchapter S election procedures and Internal Revenue Service prescriptions

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Business Commons